Comparison of transcription and replication

Comparison of transcription and replication

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Difference and similarities

NukleinsдurenRibonucleic acid (RNA)Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
Involved enzymesRNA polymeraseTopoisomerase, helicase, RNA primase, DNA polymerase, Rnase H, ligase
functionSynthesis of mRNA for translationDoubling the genome
scopeSynthesis of a one-stranded mRNA that represents only one gene in protein biosynthesisSynthesis of two complete DNA double-strands
placeIn the nucleus; the mRNA leaves the cell nucleus and moves to the ribosomesIn the nucleus; The DNA stays there too